Mary Hunter writes a wonderful blog about her experience clicker training a variety of animals (mostly horses and now, two new pet rats). The principals of clicker training a horse or a rat or a whale or a fish are exactly the same as they are for clicker training a dog.
Exactly the same.
So are you smarter than a 5th grader? Is your dog smarter than a rat? Your dog certainly has a larger and more complex brain than a rat (with all due respect to rats, which are fine creatures with a lot of intelligence).
In this post on her blog, she gives some important reminders of how to set up your training sessions so your totally-novice student (the animal) can be most successful and can focus on the training session at hand.
1. Remove Distractions
2. Limit the environment
3. Use a high value treat
4. Plan for optimal food delivery
5. Keep sessions short
She has good stuff to say about each of these points. Check it out.